A 1st millennium BC burial-deprived Ritual Practice:New Evidences from Shahliq Kurgan, Northwestern Iran
(ندگان)پدیدآورGhahremani, NasrinMafi, FarzadNajafi, Araz
Until now, the well-known Kurgans in northwestern Iran were associated with burial mounds containing burial pits; however, the discoveries of 2018 revealed mounds lacking human burial pits indicating still unknown rituals and ceremonies. Shahliq Kurgan, 178 km northeast of Tabriz, is one of such Kurgans. Before construction of Peygham-Chay Dam by East Azerbaijan Regional Water Authority, the survey and identification of archaeological sites at the dam site was done in 2014 in order to save the historical-cultural monuments at risk of being submerged; the first season of rescue excavation began in 2018. The architecture of the mound, abundant stone tools, sacrificial offerings as well as ash deposits indicate that the mound had been a place for some special rituals and ceremonies during the early first millennium BC. The ash material recovered from the site suggested the tradition of cremation, a hypothesis rejected in later anthropological experiments. It may also be one of the first sites where fire was set in an open space for ritual purposes, the large volume of ash is evidence for this idea. The evidences for ecological sequence obtained from deposits underneath a stone structure indicate that during the period of establishment of human settlements in Bronze Age, metal extraction and smelting and extensive use of forest resources caused the vegetation to turn from dense forests into scattered shrubs. The present study is based on field excavations as well as library resources to study the function of burial-deprived kurgans of following a descriptive analytic approach.
First Millennium BC
ناشرUniversity of Sistan and Baluchestan
سازمان پدید آورندهDepartment of Archaeology, faculty of Human sciences, Abhar Branch, Abhar, Iran
Department of Archaeology, Islamic Azad University, Abhar Branch, Abhar,iran
Department of Archaeology, Abhar Branch, Abhar, Iran