نمایش مختصر رکورد

dc.contributor.authorChen, Xien_US
dc.date.accessioned1399-07-08T20:06:50Zfa_IR
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-29T20:06:50Z
dc.date.available1399-07-08T20:06:50Zfa_IR
dc.date.available2020-09-29T20:06:50Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-01en_US
dc.date.issued1393-06-10fa_IR
dc.date.submitted2014-06-20en_US
dc.date.submitted1393-03-30fa_IR
dc.identifier.citationChen, Xi. (2014). Fetus, Fasting, and Festival: The Persistent Effects of In Utero Social Shocks. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 3(4), 165-169. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92en_US
dc.identifier.issn2322-5939
dc.identifier.urihttps://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.ijhpm.com/article_2889.html
dc.identifier.urihttps://iranjournals.nlai.ir/handle/123456789/81465
dc.description.abstract<span>The Fetal Origins Hypothesis (FOH), put forward in the epidemiological literature and later flourished in the economics literature, suggests that the time </span><span>in utero </span><span>is a critical period for human development. However, much attention has been paid to the consequences of fetal exposures to more extreme natural shocks, while less is known about fetal exposures to milder but more commonly experienced social shocks. Using two examples of under-nutrition due to mild social shocks, i.e. Ramadan fasting and festival overspending, this paper summarizes our current knowledge, especially the contribution from economics, and key challenges in exploring fetal exposures to milder social shocks. I also discuss the salient added value of identifying milder versus more extreme fetal shocks. Finally, implications are drawn on individual decisions and public policy to improve children's well-being before they are born or even before their mothers realize that they are pregnant.</span>en_US
dc.format.extent373
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherKerman University of Medical Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Health Policy and Managementen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92
dc.subjectIn Uteroen_US
dc.subjectMaternal Fastingen_US
dc.subjectRamadanen_US
dc.subjectGiften_US
dc.subjectCeremoniesen_US
dc.subjectEarly Childhood Developmenten_US
dc.subjectHealth Economicsen_US
dc.subjectHealth Policyen_US
dc.titleFetus, Fasting, and Festival: The Persistent Effects of In Utero Social Shocksen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.typePerspectiveen_US
dc.contributor.departmentFaculty of Arts and Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USAen_US
dc.citation.volume3
dc.citation.issue4
dc.citation.spage165
dc.citation.epage169
nlai.contributor.orcid0000-0002-2058-0351


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