OBESITY AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH OTHER CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN WOMEN IN CENTRAL IRAN - WOMEN'S HEALTHY HEART PROJECT
(ندگان)پدیدآورMasoumeh SadeghiHR RoohafzaAM BaghaeiM PourmoghaddasSh ShiraniGh SadriI Golshadi
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are considered the most important cause of death worldwide. Obesity is a major CVD risk factor. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and its association with other CVD risk factors in Iranian women. methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2001 as part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) in three Central Iranian cities of Isfahan, Najaf-Abad and Arak. Being over 19 years of age, absence of pregnancy, absence of mental retardation and Iranian nationality were the criteria for inclusion in the study. A questionnaire on demographics characteristics, drug consumption, smoking status, and physical activity were filled out for every subject. Height, weight and blood pressure of all subjects were measured and fasting blood samples were taken to measure blood glucose and lipids. The data were analyzed with T-test, χ2 and multiple linear regression, using SPSS11. results: Of 6391 women aged 38.8±14.5 years participating in the study, 79% lived in the urban areas and 21% in the rural areas. The prevalence of a higher BMI was greater in urban areas in all ages. Hypertension, diabetes, total cholesterol-triglyceride and LDL-C disorders and inadequate physical activity were more prevalent in obese women than normal ones, but no significant difference was seen in HDL-C disorder and smoking between the two groups (P
ناشرIsfahan, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
سازمان پدید آورندهAssistant Professor, CVD in Women Research Unit, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center.