در حال نمایش موارد 1 - 6 از 6
Representation of Trauma in Post-9/11 Fiction: Revisiting Reminiscences in Mohsen Hamid’s <i>The Reluctant Fundamentalist</i>
(University of Kurdistan, 2020-09-01)
The current paper aims at presenting a close reading of the protagonist's reminiscences in Mohsen Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist in terms of an eclectic approach toward representation of trauma. Freud and Breuer's theory of psychological trauma, Judith Herman's concept of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Jeffery Alexander's notion of cultural trauma are employed as the conceptual framework of this analysis. Psychological trauma refers to the unbearable, untreatable, and unspeakable psychological wounds remaining on the subject's unconsciousness. PTSD concentrates on troublesomeness in regular physical activities including rapid distraction, insomnia, and shifting in and out through past memories, triggered by trauma. Cultural trauma traces the changes at the level of collective identity of a group due to a formerly experienced horrendous event. The Adventures of Changez, the novel's narrator, dating back to around the 9/11 attack are represented in The Reluctant Fundamentalist. The paper conducted a survey through theories of trauma depicting memory as a venue where the subject's psychical status could be fully scrutinized. The results of the study demonstrated that a traumatic event such as that of the 9/11 has a long-term devastating impact on Changez's subjectivity as well as a collective negative consequence for Pakistan's new generation of intellectual immigrants....
Symbolic Consumption and Media in Bret Easton Ellis’ Less than Zero
(University of Kurdistan, 2021-06-01)
The present paper seeks to argue that consumption and media wield an unparalleled influence over contemporary American society, in a way that these drives constitute the primary means through which identity is constituted. ...
Writing Back to “Culture Talk”: Reinvention of Muslim Identity in The Road from Damascus
(University of Kurdistan, 2022-05-01)
A couple of decades before 9/11, after the collapse of USSR, Islam started to be culturally represented as the major “Other" in the West. 9/11 attacks accelerated the movement with the “culture talk" project positioning ...
The Motivational Self-System of Learners of Kurdish as a Heritage Language: A Mixed-Methods Study
(University of Kurdistan, 2023-10-01)
The ongoing increase in the population of Kurdish as Heritage Language (HL) learners encouraged the present study to explore the learners' motivations as well as the influential factors on its development. Second Language ...
The Voices towards Identity: Heteroglossia and Polyphony in <i>Mrs. Dalloway</i> and <i>Things We Left Unsaid</i>
(University of Kurdistan, 2020-03-01)
The present study attempts to apply Bakhtin's theories of voice to Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway and Zoya Pirzad's I Turn off the Lights which is translated into English under a new title: Things We Left Unsaid. In the ...
Quest in James Dashner’s <i>The Maze Runner</i> Trilogy
(University of Kurdistan, 2021-01-01)
Myths, as part of human's life since ancient times, continue to be depicted in novels, movies, and TV series with the advent of technology. The dystopian theme much favored in the book market receiving international attention ...