Histopathological changes of gill, liver and kidney in Caspian kutum exposed to Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate


The histopathological effects of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate on the gill, liver and kidney tissues of the Caspian kutum, Rutilus frisii kutum were studied. The fish were exposed to three sublethal concentrations of anionic detergent, Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (LAS) for short term intervals (192 h). Gill, liver and kidney samples were collected after 192 h of exposure to LAS and lesions were analyzed by light microscopy. The histological changes to gills were edema, fusion of lamellae and lamellar aneurism. Some alterations like reduction of the interstitial haematopoietic tissue, tubular shrinkage, degeneration in the epithelial cells of renal tubule and necrosis were observed in the kidney. In the liver tissue, hepatocyte degeneration, congestion and dilation of sinusoid and vacuolar degeneration were seen. It seems that sublethal concentration of LAS may affect sever changes to gill, kidney and liver of R. frisii kutum specimens that leads to malfunction of these organs which cause damage to health of the fish.