Evaluation of growth, survival and body composition of larval white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) fed the combination of three types of algae


The larvae of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei are fed, from the stage of protozoea I until to protozoea III (PZ III), with microalgae. The survival rate, duration of the terms of ZI–ZIII and total length of protozoea larvae (PZ) of L. vannamei were survived. The shrimp larvae fed with the six treatments of microalgae (Chaetoceros muelleri, Isochrysis galbana, Tetraselmis tetrathele, C. muelleri : I. galbana, C. muelleri: T. tetrathele and I. galbana: T. tetratheie). The biochemical composition (protein, carbohydrate, lipid and energy) of the algae and the larvae fed those algae were also measured. The largest sizes were recorded for larvae fed with the mixture C. muelleri and I. galbana (4.35 mm) and smaller sizes were observed on larvae fed with I. galbana (3.04 mm) (P