Presence of microplastics contamination in table salt and estimated exposure in humans
(ندگان)پدیدآورSyamsu, D.A.Deswati, D.Syafrizayanti, S.Putra, A.Suteja, Y.
اندازه فایل:1.875 مگابایت
نوع فايل (MIME):PDF
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Microplastics are plastic fragments measuring less than 5 millimeters which are formed from degraded plastic materials and have the potential to pollute the environment. Due to their widespread presence in the marine environment, microplastics have become a significant global threat. The presence of microplastics is often considered as causing pollution in various environments, especially aquatic ecosystems such as rivers and oceans. Microplastics contamination can even be found in consumed salt, thus raising concerns about its impact on human health. However, information on the presence of microplastics in salt is still very limited. This study aims to determine the abundance and characteristics of microplastics as contaminants in salt and assess the human exposure to microplastics in Indonesia.METHODS: A total of 21 samples of salt products were taken from various brands available in Padang City and Jambi City, Indonesia for analysis. Microplastics extraction was carried out by removing the organic materials contained in the salt samples using 30 percent hydrogen peroxide and then filtering them with a 0.45 micrometer pore filter. A stereomicroscope was used to detect the abundance, shape, size, and color of microplastics, while the Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy was utilized to identify the polymer type of the microplastics. Furthermore, human exposure to microplastics can be predicted by calculating the estimated dietary intake and taking into account the daily salt intake.FINDINGS: Microplastics were detected in significant amounts (p
Environmental health and ecotoxicology
سازمان پدید آورندهDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia.
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Syedza Saintika College of Health Sciences, Padang, Indonesia
Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia