Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma

Journal Information

Publisher: Kerman, Kerman University of Medical Sciences

ISSN: 2383-4544



Number of Issues: 11

Number of Articles: 112

Update date:  2020/03/18

Journal Archive

Standardized patients versus simulated patients in medical education: are they the same or different

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijri; Elham Sharifpoor; Masoumeh Rahimi

Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 25-28
DOI: 10.15171/jept.2015.05

In order to equip medical students with all the necessary skills in dealing with patients to provide optimal treatment, the need for the use of real patients in educational settings has become prominent. But all the required skills cannot be practiced on real patients due to patients’ safety and well-being. Thus, the use of standardized patients (SPs) or simulated patients (SiPs) as a substitute for real patients signifies their importance in simulation-based medical education. One question raised in regard to using SPs or SiPs in order to enhance medical students’ tangible and intangible skills in a safe controlled environment is whether these two terminologies are the same or different? Various studies use these terms interchangeably and do not consider a difference between them. Based on our literature review, there seems to be differences between these two modalities. We also try to highlight the advantages of these modalities in clinical encounters.

Improving advanced cardiovascular life support skills in medical students: simulation-based education approach

Hamidreza Reihani; Niazmohammad Jafari; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Elham Pishbin; Ehsan Bolvardi; Veda Vakili

Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 7-11

Objective: In this trial, we intend to assess the effect of simulation-based education approach on advanced cardiovascular life support skills among medical students.
Methods: Through convenient sampling method, 40 interns of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in their emergency medicine rotation (from September to December 2012) participated in this study. Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) workshops with pretest and post-test exams were performed. Workshops and checklists for pretest and post-test exams were designed according to the latest American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines.
Results: The total score of the students increased significantly after workshops (24.6 out of 100 to 78.6 out of 100). This demonstrates 53.9% improvement in the skills after the simulation-based education (P 0.001). Also the mean score of each station had a significant improvement (P 0.001).
Conclusion: Pretests showed that interns had poor performance in practical clinical matters while their scientific knowledge, such as ECG interpretation was acceptable. The overall results of the study highlights that Simulation based-education approach is highly effective in Improving ACLS skills among medical students.